Ten, Ten The Bible Ten : Obeah in the Bahamas

Dr. Timothy McCartney
Nassau: Timpaul Publishing (1976)

Additional references and notes are given in the footnotes of this book.

AJISAEE, A.K., "The Laws and Customs of the Yoruba People." Kash & Klare
Bookshop, Lagos, Nigeria, 1946.
ALBURY, Paul; "The Story of the Bahamas". MacMillan-Caribbean, London, 1975.
ANONYMOUS - "Folk Tales and Songs." 1930.
AUGIER, F.R.; et a1 "The Making of the West Indies". Longman-Caribbean, 1960.
BARRY, Colman J. (O.S.B.); "Upon These Rocks—Catholics in the Bahamas." The Liturgical Press, Collegeville, Minn., U.S.A., &) The Order of St. Benedict Inc., 1973.
BELL, Hesketh J.; "Obeah - Witchcraft in the West Indies". Sampson Low-Marston & Co., London, 1893.
BELL, MacLachlan H. (Major) "Isles of June", London, 1936.
BESSY, Maurice; "A Pictorial History of Magic and the Supernatural". Spring Books, London, 1964.
CASSIDY, F.G., "Jamaican Talk: Three Hundred Years of the English Language in Jamaica". London, 1961.
CLARIDGE, W.W.. "A History of the Gold Coast and Ashanti". Vol. I, London.
COOMBS, Orde (editor), "Is Massa Day Dead", Doubleday & Sons, New York, 1974.
CRATON, Michael, "A History of the Bahamas". Collins, London, 1962.
CURRY, Robert, "Bahamian Lore—Folk Tales and Songs." Paris, 1930.
DEFRIES, Amelia, "The Fortunate Islands". London, 1929.
DE HAAN, Richard, "Satan, Satanism and Witchcraft". Zondervan Publishing House, Michigan, (U.S.A.), 1972.
DIEPGEN, Paul, "Medizin und Kultur". Verlag Stuttgart, West Germany, 1938.
DUPUCH, Etienne, "Tribune Story", Ernest Burn, London, 1967.
EDWARDS, B., "History of the West Indies". Volume 2, London.
FIELD, M.J., "Religion and Medicines of the Ga People". Oxford. 1937.
FORBES, Rosita, "A Unicorn in the Bahamas". New York, 1940.
FORD, Dorothy, "New World Groups—Bahamians". Nassau Guardian (1844) Ltd., Nassau, Bahamas, 1971.
FRANK, Jerome D., "Persuasion and Healing", The John Hopkins University Press, U.S.A., 1963.
FRANKLIN, John Hope, "From Slavery to Freedom - A History of American Negroes". Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1966.
HEIZER, Robert F., "Mixtum Compositum: The Use of Narcotic Mushrooms by Primitive Peoples". Ciba Symposia 5: 1713 - 1716, 1944.
HERSKOVITES, M.J., "Dahomey", Vol. 2.
HIGGS, Leslie (Mrs.), "Bush Medicine in the Bahamas". Nassau Guardian (1844) Ltd., Nassau, Bahamas, 1969.
JOHNSON, Doris, "The Quiet Revolution in the Bahamas". Family Islands Press Ltd., Nassau, Bahamas, 1972.
JUNG-STILLING, Heiniich, "Theorie de Geister Kunde". Zeibircherverlag; Nuremberg, 1921.


KOCH, Kurt E. (Dr.), "Christian Counselling and Occultism". Ev. Verlag 7501, Berghausen, West Germany, 1972.
IAVEY, Anton Szandar, "The Satanic Rituals" Avon Books, New York, 1972.
LEAF, Earl, "Isles of Rhythm". A.S. Barnes & Co., Inc., New York, 1948.
LINDSEY, Hal, "Satan is alive and well on Planet Earth". Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, Michigan, (U.S.A.), 1972.
LONG, Edward, "History of Jamaica", Vol. I, Bk. 2, Ch. 2.
MADDEN, R.R., "A Twelve Months Residence in the West Indies". Vol. I, 1835, London.
MANONKIAN, M., "Akan and Ga—Ardangme Peoples of the Gold Coast", London, 1950.
MBITI, John S., "African Religions and Philosophy". Heinemann, London, 1969.
McCARTNEY, Timothy, "Neuroses in the Sun", Executive Printers, TimPaul Publishing Co., Nassau, 1971.
McCULLOCH, M., "Peoples of the Sierra Leone Protectorate". London, 1952.
McKINNEN, Daniel, "A Tour through the British West Indies." London, 1804.
MUMFORD, Louis, "The Condition of Man". Martin Secker & Warburg Ltd., London, 1944.
MURDOCK, G.P., "Africa: Its Peoples and their Culture History". New York & London, 1959.
PASCOE, C.F., "Two Hundred Years of the S.P.G. 1701- 1900". London, 1901.
PATTERSON, Orlando, "The Sociology of Slavery", Granada Publishing Co., London, 1967.
POWLES, L.B., "Land of the Pink Pearl: Life in the Bahamas". Sampson Low- Marston & Co., Ltd., London, 1888.
SCOTT, Reginald, "The Discoverie of Witchcraft", Book VII, London, 1665.
SEABROOK, W.B., "The Magic Island", G.H. Harrop Co., Ltd., London, 1929.
SEPHARIAL, "The Art of Card Fortune Telling". W. Foulsham & Co., Ltd., London, 1958.
SHATTUCK, G.B., "The Bahama Islands", Geog. Soc. of Baltimore., Macmillan, N.Y., 1905.
SNELGRAVE, William, "A new and exact account of some parts of Guinea", (1734).
STARK, J.H., "History and Guide to the Bahamas". New York, 1891.
SYMONETTE, Michael A., "Discovery of a Nation", Management Communications Services Ltd., Nassau, Bahamas, 1973.
TISCHNER, Rudolf, "Ergebnisse Okkulter Forschung," Deutsche Verlagsanstalt, Stuttgart, 1950.
TORREY, E. Fuller, "The Mind Game—Witchdoctors and Psychiatrists." Bantam Book Publications, New York, 1973.
UNGER, Merrill, "Demons in the World Today". Tyndale House Publishers, (U.S.A.), 1971.
WHY LLY. H.C.. "Superstitions of the Bahamas." San Salvador Teachers College, July, 1972. Ministry of Education and Culture, Nassau, Bahamas.
WILLIAMS, J., "Voodoos and Obeahs." Dial Press, New York, 1932.
WRIGHT, Stafford J., "Mind, Man and The Spirits". Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, Michigan, U.S.A., 1971.



1. Many important documents dealing with varied aspects of Bahamian history can be found in the Registry, the House of Assembly Library and the Nassau Public Library. The most comprehensive documentation however, can be found in the Bahamas Archives Department.

2. Other informative material can be obtained from the Institute of Jamaica, the Public Records Office in London, The Carnegie Institute in Washington, and Manuscripts in the British Museum.

B.T.6: Vols. 9-11: Slave Trade EnquiryCopies of certain of the evidence submitted to the Committee of Council for Trade and Plantations in the course of their enquiry into the state of the African Slave Trade.
R.T.6:g: - 1788; B.T.6: 10 - 1788; B.T.6: 1788-89.

HPP: Vol. XVII 1818: Papers relating to the Treatment of Slaves in the Colonies.
BPP: Vol. XX 1831-1832: Report from the select committee on the Extinction of Slavery throughout the British Dominions; with the Minutes of Evidence, Appendix and Index, p.1.


Nassau Guardian
The Tribune
The People
(Wednesday, 6th January, 1974 Thursday, 17th January, 1974)
Santa Monica Evening Outlook 24th June, 1971


Bahamian Review—Vol. 15 No. 1-2, 1973.
Cosmopolitan—June, 1974 issue.
Jamaican Law Journal - April, 1974.
Jamaican Journal - Vol. 3 No. 2 June, 1969
(Institute of Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica)
(a) "Revival Cults in Jamaica. Notes towards a Sociology of Religion" by Edward Seaga.
(b) "Obeah and the Supernatural in West Indian Literature" by Kenneth Ramchand
TIME"Boom Times on the Psychic Frontier".
DAEDALUS - Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Boston, Mass.,Spring, 1974.
Slavery, Colonialism and Racism. "The African presence in Caribbean literature", by Edward Kamau Brathwaite. (Reprinted by permission).


KIFARIT - Vol. 3 No. 1, Freeport, Grand Bahama, 1974. "Tony Makay is Exuma the Obeah Man".
LIFE MAGAZINE9th January, 1970.
SKYWRITINGSCreative Communications Inc., Kingston, Jamaica.
"Everything you wanted to know about Obeah and were afraid to ask" – by Errol W. Bowen.
THE MESSAGEVol. 40 No. 6, September, 1974.
HARPERS' Magazine, U.S.A., 1926.
"White Magic & Black..." by John W. Vandercook.
SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR - 2(9) 8-14, 1972.
"Witchcraft and Sex" by Robert D. Anderson.
BAHAMAS HANDBOOK - Etienne Dupuch Jr. Publications. 1970 Edition. "Bahamian Way of Death".



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